Smoker, fast food, couch potato, overweight? Read on!
Recently on the Neil Prendeville show on RedFM Dr Nick Flynn (IMC 21468), Medical Director at Union Quay Medical Centre, talked to Pat, age 38, who has some interesting healthcare beliefs! Pat’s lifestyle would appear to be unhealthy as he has several habits that we all know will lead to ill health including smoking, poor diet and a sedentary lifestyle. These are all risks factors for developing a heart attack. Here we look briefly at how we might assess someone’s risk of a heart attack or stroke.
The risk can be divided into lifestyle risks which can be changed, treatable risks and fixed risks which we cannot alter:
Lifestyle risk factors that can be prevented or changed:
Treatable or partly treatable risk factors:
Fixed risk factors – ones that you cannot alter:
However, if you have a fixed risk factor, you may want to make extra effort to tackle any lifestyle risk factors that can be changed. It is worth noting that some risk factors are more risky than others. For example, smoking probably causes a greater risk to health than obesity does. Also, risk factors interact. So, if you have two or more risk factors, your health risk is much more increased than if you just have one. For example, an Oxford study found that men aged 50 who smoke, have high cholesterol and have high blood pressure (hypertension), die, on average, 10 years earlier than men who do not have these risk factors. Research is looking at some other factors that may be risk factors. For example, stress and socio-economic status, are being investigated as possible risk factors.Go back to InfoLog